Melioidosis Demystified: Unveiling the Bacterial Infection

According to the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH), Melioidosis is a water and soil borne disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei bacterial infection and can cause serious complications. Preventive measures are best as there is no vaccine to prevent this bacterial infection especially in the rainy season. Contaminated stagnant water such as in flooded areas, paddy fields and lakes can cause Melioidosis. Many people forbid us from playing in the water when floods hit because floods not only bring destruction of property and livestock, but they also bring various serious diseases.

Water that is supposed to flow from drains, garbage in garbage dumps, animal feces and harmful contaminants in the soil will all come out covering the water surface during a flood. And toxic and harmful chemicals absorbed by the soil will also come out and contaminate the flood water. Who says flood water is good? Try to see what happens after the flood recedes, we find a lot of flies flying around showing the place flooded due to the flood has been dirty and polluted.

In short, all the good and bad things in the ground will come out when there is a flood. What is even sadder, when in our village there are animal pens and chicken coops. Carcasses of animals that have died due to floods and feces will contaminate the entire flood water, so there are various types of diseases. Melioidosis is one of the diseases that seems to show mild symptoms but if not treated immediately, serious complications to the point of death can occur.

What is Melioidosis Bacterial Infection

What is Melioidosis Bacterial Infection Summary

  • Health Info: What is Melioidosis Bacterial Infection
  • Health Category: Fertility
  • Media Publicity: For public awareness

Localized Infections

What is Melioidosis Anorexia Prevention Infection

Localized infections are a common symptom experienced by those with Melioidosis. Swelling of the body, joint pain, fever, sores and pus are examples of localized infections. Seek immediate treatment if you or your children develop any of the above symptoms.

Lung infection

If the localized infection can be identified in terms of physical changes such as swelling, joint pain, scabies, pus and fever, the lung infection also attacks the internal organs of humans, namely the lungs. Among the symptoms and signs of lung infection caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria are as follows: –

  • Cough
  • Breathing problems.
  • Chest ache.
  • High fever.
  • Headache
  • Anorexia.

Blood Infections

The third stage for Melioidosis is known as a blood infection. This is a dangerous category because Burkholderia pseudomallei bacteria have entered the blood. Among the signs and symptoms are as follows: –

  • Fever.
  • Headache.
  • Joint pain.
  • Breathing problems.
  • Abdominal discomfort.
  • Confusion.
  • Septic shock.

What are the Prevention Measures of Melioidosis?

There are 4 preventive measures that you need to follow during floods to prevent Melioidosis including: –

  1. Step 1: Wear boots and gloves in potentially contaminated areas.
  2. Step 2: Wear a face mask: Cleaners should wear boots, gloves and face mask that can prevent Melioidosis infection from occurring.
  3. Step 3: Avoid contact: Especially for diabetics and kidney patients with open wounds should avoid touching contaminated water or soil.
  4. Step 4: Immediate Treatment: If you experience signs or symptoms as described after exposure to contaminated water or soil, you should seek immediate treatment at a nearby clinic or hospital.

As a reminder, don’t play around when the flood season hits, it’s better if you’re looking for a high place to wait for the rescue team to come to your rescue. Love your life and your loved ones. Indeed, flood water is not the same as pool water or sea water because the water in the pool has chlorine which can prevent germs and sea water has salt which is salty can prevent any infection from spreading.

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FAQ Infectious Disease: Answers to Your Common Questions

Why must we avoid infectious diseases?

Avoiding infectious diseases is crucial for several reasons:

  1. Health and Well-being: Infectious diseases can lead to serious illness, hospitalization, and in severe cases, death. By avoiding these diseases, individuals can maintain better health and well-being.

  2. Preventing Spread: Infectious diseases can spread rapidly from person to person, leading to outbreaks or even pandemics if left unchecked. Avoiding these diseases helps prevent their spread within communities.

  3. Reducing Healthcare Burden: Infectious diseases place a significant burden on healthcare systems, including hospitals, clinics, and medical professionals. By avoiding these diseases, individuals can reduce the strain on healthcare resources.

  4. Protecting Vulnerable Populations: Some individuals, such as the elderly, young children, and those with weakened immune systems, are more susceptible to severe complications from infectious diseases. Avoiding these diseases helps protect vulnerable populations.

  5. Maintaining Productivity: Illnesses from infectious diseases can lead to absenteeism from work or school, reducing productivity and economic output. By staying healthy, individuals can contribute more effectively to society.

Overall, avoiding infectious diseases is essential for safeguarding individual and public health, preventing the spread of disease, and maintaining a functioning society.

Is it dangerous to get an infectious disease?

Yes, infectious diseases can be dangerous for several reasons:

  1. Severity of Illness: Some infectious diseases can cause severe illness or complications, leading to hospitalization or even death. Examples include Ebola, HIV/AIDS, and severe cases of influenza.
  2. Risk of Transmission: Many infectious diseases are highly contagious and can spread rapidly from person to person. This can lead to outbreaks or pandemics if appropriate measures are not taken to control transmission.
  3. Vulnerable Populations: Certain groups, such as the elderly, young children, pregnant women, and individuals with weakened immune systems, are at higher risk of severe complications from infectious diseases. Protecting these vulnerable populations is essential to prevent serious outcomes.
  4. Antimicrobial Resistance: The misuse or overuse of antibiotics can lead to the development of antimicrobial resistance, making infections more difficult to treat. This can result in longer illness durations, increased healthcare costs, and higher mortality rates.
  5. Impact on Healthcare Systems: Large outbreaks of infectious diseases can overwhelm healthcare systems, leading to shortages of medical supplies, hospital beds, and healthcare workers. This can compromise the ability to provide adequate care to those in need.

Overall, while not all infectious diseases are inherently dangerous, they have the potential to cause significant harm to individuals and communities if not properly controlled and managed. Taking preventive measures, such as vaccination, practicing good hygiene, and following public health guidelines, can help reduce the risk of acquiring and spreading infectious diseases.

What is an example of infectious disease?

There are numerous examples of infectious diseases, caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Here are some common examples:

  1. Influenza (Flu): A viral respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses, typically characterized by fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, and fatigue. In severe cases, it can lead to complications such as pneumonia.
  2. COVID-19: Caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 emerged in late 2019 and has since become a global pandemic. It primarily spreads through respiratory droplets and can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild respiratory issues to severe pneumonia and death.
  3. Tuberculosis (TB): A bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which primarily affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. Symptoms include coughing, chest pain, weight loss, and fatigue.
  4. HIV/AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and certain cancers. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the late stage of HIV infection, characterized by severe immunosuppression and the occurrence of opportunistic infections.
  5. Malaria: A mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, which infect and destroy red blood cells. Symptoms include fever, chills, headache, and muscle aches, and in severe cases, it can lead to organ failure and death.
  6. Salmonella Infection: Caused by the Salmonella bacteria, typically transmitted through contaminated food or water. Symptoms include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps, and in severe cases, it can lead to dehydration and bloodstream infection.

These are just a few examples, and there are many other infectious diseases that pose significant health risks to individuals and populations worldwide. Vaccination, proper hygiene, and public health measures are essential for preventing the spread of infectious diseases.

What are the signs and symptoms if you get Melioidosis?

According to information from the Ministry of Health Malaysia (MOH), there are 3 categories of signs and symptoms if you get Melioidosis. You can check yourself if you get Melioidosis. Localized infections, lung infections and bloodstream infections are the main signs and symptoms of Melioidosis.

What is a septic shock?

Septic shock occurs when after a person has an infection causes blood pressure to drop to low levels and can be life threatening. Sepsis is a reaction that occurs at an early stage of infection.

Melioidosis if not treated immediately can lead to death. There is no vaccine that can prevent Melioidosis.

What is Anorexia?

Anorexia comes from a Greek word meaning loss of appetite. Anorexia Nervosa will cause weight loss, restricting from eating food due to loss of appetite and a strong desire to be thin. For patients with respiratory related diseases have a high tendency to get lung infections caused by Melioidosis. If you, your parents or relatives are victims of floods, seek medical attention immediately to prevent Melioidosis from invading the lungs.

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